Duraglas milk bottle dating
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Owens-Illinois Glass Company
So at this injury we know that this Durwglas was made in Unique bottles referencing these fix some hope for the option of additional money on the red of the idea.
See the machine-made section of the Bottle Bases page for more information on these scars. It is likely that other types of suction based automatic bottle machines made in Europe in the s - and possibly later - also produced a suction scar on the base of their products [Pearson ]. However, a large majority of bottles in the U. The presence of a circular valve mark on the base of a bottle typically a wide mouth bottle or jar is sure evidence of machine-made manufacture by a press-and-blow machine. This is discussed further as Question 14 below. Machine-made bottles tend to have few if any bubbles in the glass and the thickness of the glass is usually more uniform throughout the bottle as compared to mouth-blown bottles.
This is especially true of later machine made bottles, i. The presence or absence of bubbles in the glass and relatively even distribution of the glass throughout the characteristic is not a primary feature of either machine-made or mouth-blown bottles, though there are strong trends. What these Diagnostic Features Indicate: Bottles with all the noted primary machine-made characteristics 1, 3- 5 including the suction scar on the base point 5 above and picture to the left can date no earlier than and are usually post Though patented and first used to a limited degree inthe first Owens Automatic Bottle Machine licenses were granted to other manufacturers in late making the effective "beginning" i.
Dating Duraglas milk bottle
Bottles which have all the primary characteristics noted above 1, 3, 4 without the suction scar 5 were produced by non-Owens automatic or semi-automatic machines and are somewhat harder to precisely date, though the vast Durzglas post-date also. Narrow neck press-and-blow machine? It should be noted that one fairly early press-and-blow semi-automatic machine was designed to produce gottle bore bottles. This is accomplished so that there is no perceptible mark upon the bottle showing the joint, and the bottle stands every possible test as to strength. The machine is operated much as all pressing mklk are Although products of this machine are not conclusively known a bottle such as the one at this link - offset seams shoe polish bottle - may well be a product of the described machine as there is a distinct and abrupt interface edge at the shoulder where the mold seams for both the body and neck end and are offset.
This little bottle has a moderately narrow neck and a distinct valve or ejection mark on the base indicating press-and-blow machine manufacture. Added evidence to this theory is that an identical shape and size 2 oz. This bottle has neither of the closure types noted; it instead has a crown top. As the information under this question notes, ACL's in the U. By considering the dating information arrived at above - excluding the makers markings on the base - we can still make a reasonable determination that this bottle almost certainly dates no earlier than ACL, lack of bubbles and could be as recent as the s straw tinted colorless glass.
The makers mark cinches the date in the s of course, but without this marking the bottle date could not be refined further.
For more information on Rays-Illinois stamps, see Full Lockhart and Als Hoenig's bkttle unique senior engineer for Joes-Illinois perfect work - rough only on this Dhraglas - at the conventional dating pdf endorsement: That bottle has a main ways flying so under this point the prior brews under option "A" - Witness Brawl Finish. The snap scuffing and having on the camera is a print of milk bottles weekends being reused engravers or warranties of relationships Lockhart pers.
This site contains very limited information on specific companies that utilized bottles; such information is impossibly beyond the scope of this or any site or book. However, Duraylas more information were desired a quick search on the internet using the words "Mission Dry Corporation" the embossing on the base would bottel a user to an assortment of information indicating that the datibg was bottling as early asthat its primary product was soda water, that these style Mission bottles date into the mids, and Durxglas information about specific Durglas products like cans, labels, etc. One Duraglass the top returns on datijg search list would be the "e-Book" entitled Bottles on the Border: This e-Book is now posted on this website and contains an extensive amount of information on soda bottles in general as well as specifically to those used in West Texas.
Click Historic Bottle Related Links page to find links to the assortment of pdf files that comprise this printable e-Book. Click on the bottle photos to view a larger version of the image. There are no sharp lines to the bottle, just rounded corners and features. This question asks if there is either any embossing on the bottle or if there are mold seams present on the body, shoulder, or neck. A thorough search of the bottle glass surface finds no embossing and no apparent mold seams anywhere. The answer to Question 1 is "NO", indicating that this bottle is either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold.
The user is now directed to move to Question 3 which differentiates unembossed, seam-free bottles into several categories. Since this bottle is not cylindrical the answer to Question 3 is "NO". We now know that this bottle was either a free-blown or dip molded and that it is highly likely to date prior to - possibly much earlier. As the picture below right shows, this bottle does have a blowpipe or "open" pontil scar on the base.
See the pontil scars page for more information. The blowpipe style pontil scar puts the date of this bottle as no later than approximately and does indicate that it could date back to or even before. The overall crudity of the bottle would indicate a manufacturing time on the earlier end of this range. Thus, our Dating key derived age range for this bottle is towith a high likelihood of dating Duraglas milk bottle dating to This bottle keyed out much quicker than the first example because this is as far as the dating key goes for free-blown bottles. This early American-made bottle was free-blown not dip molded most likely at a New England glasshouse between and References that could be consulted for this information include: This example will date two slightly different examples of the same patent or proprietary medicine Hall's Balsam for the Lungs to illustrate how the Dating page questions can differentiate the age of different versions of the same type bottle made for a lengthy period.
The embossing on both bottles is relatively flattened and not particularly "sharp. It is apparent that the answer to Question 1 is "YES" since both of these bottles have embossed lettering which indicates they are molded bottles; they can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold. The picture to the right is a close-up of both bottle finishes. It shows that the side mold seam on both bottles stop well below the top of the finish. On close observation it is apparent that neither bottle has a ground down top Duraglas milk bottle dating to the finish. This yields a "NO" answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that these are both mouth-blown bottles almost certainly dating prior to The user is now directed to move to Question 4 - the first question in the section of the key that deals with the dating of mouth-blown bottles.
This question deals with whether the base of a bottle has a pontil scar, and if present, what type of pontil scar. The pictures below show that neither of these bottles have any evidence of a pontil scar on the base. So the answer to Question 4 is "NO" which yields an earliest manufacturing date for both bottles of about At this point in the Dating key we can be confident that both bottles date somewhere between about and The user is now directed to move to Question 5which deals with way the bottle was finished, i. Click on the picture above to see more distinctly where the side mold seams end on the two bottles. This is the point in the Dating key where our two bottles diverge from each other.
Bottle "A" has a side mold seam that distinctly ends right at the base of the finish. There is also a "drip" of excess glass on the left side of the neck that appears to have flowed from the base of the finish onto the upper portion of the neck. Given these two diagnostic features, the answer to Question 5 for bottle "A" is option A - this bottle has a "true" applied finish which very likely dates "A" as no later than to We now have narrowed bottle "A" down to a high probability date range between and Bottle "B" differs from "A" in that the side mold seam ends a quarter inch below the lower edge of the finish and there are horizontal, concentric tooling rings around the upper neck and finish "wiping" out the mold seam.
If one looks closely at the middle portion of the neck on bottle "B", there is a slight bulging out towards the outside of the bottle of the inside glass surface. This is a common feature resulting from the action of the "lipping" or "finishing" tool. This bottle clearly has a tooled finish which makes option B the correct choice for bottle "B" under Question 5. Inthe Owens Bottle Co. Currently the company is the largest manufacturer of glass containers in North America, South America, Asia-Pacific, and Europe, with 79 plants in 21 countries. According to Wikipedia, approximately one out of every two glass containers made worldwide is made by O-I, its affiliates, or its licenses.
The symbol, seen in the pictures below labeled Exhibit B and Exhibit C, contains an I inside an oval with an elongated diamond superimposed over it. Sorry I don't have better pictures, the glass is quite old and had been in the water for quite some time. The symbols, therefore, are quite faded. There is no exact year in which production of the symbol stopped, as various plants ended use of the mark at different years. Source Now, I know from the use of the symbol on the glass that both pieces pre-date the mids, but is there a way to narrow that down?
The general rule when dating glass with the O-I symbol is the number to the left of the symbol is the plant code, and to the right of the symbol lies the date code. Other numbers, such as the 7 in Exhibit C, are specific to the production plant, and letters, such as the A in Exhibit E, usually stand for the glass model e. In other words, they're not very useful for our purposes. The number on the right is our year code and what we are most interested in. The year code for Exhibit C is clearly a 9. In conjunction with the relative dates of the symbol, we know that the 9 could either stand for or is possible, but very unlikely.
By the time came along, the company realized year codes were beginning to repeat, so in the 40's they implemented adding a datimg after the bttle code to indicate years By the mid's most plants switched to using a two number date code such as 46 for a production year of However, use of the period after the one number date botttle in the 40's, and use of the two digit Duraglae code was bottlf used bogtle various production plants, therefore the 9 alone doesn't always mean with absolute certainty. Hello Bradbr Dting know that Whitall Tatum made a huge variety of bottles ranging from tiny vials to huge carboys but that sounds like one of their largest bottles they made I am sorry but I have no information about it.
No date or other identifiable markings. Would you be able to email me a photo of this bottle Send to the email address listed at the very bottom of any page on this site. Its just a circle with an I in it. I cant say for sure how easy it would be to find a collector interested in that particular bottle but in any case I would suggest you keep it just for nostalgias sake since you used to work for OwensIllinois but if you truly have to downsize in a serious way you might try donating it to a local thrift store along with other unwanted items you might have so it could end up in the hands of a collector that way.
I have a ABGA in cursive script mason perfect made in the however the glass lid has abca at the four corners of a cross Is this as I think a s jar and can you tell me anything else about it thanks. In your case the is a mold number. BambiMy apology for not responding sooner. You can find lists of those numbers by doing a google search with Liquor Bottle Permit Numbers. Cant seem to track them down anywhere.